I acknowledge this graphic from the Net.
The Real is imperishable
Pervades all, and inexhaustible
That none can destroy
Krishna talked about the difference between Real and unreal in the last verse. He said the unreal does not exist, the real alone exists. Shankara and Vedanta call the unreal maya or roughly translated illusion. There is no real equivalence to the Sanskrit term and concept maya in any other language. Maya is about that which exists in the gross body state or sthula sareera state, sometimes even at higher levels of mind body states such as sukshma sareera and karana sareera, the subtle and causal states, but does not exist at highest level of nirvana sareera, the disengaged Fourth State of awareness. Perhaps at another time I can go into details of sareera and kosha states as related to mind body and how to move to the mind body less Fourth State.
In the movie ‘Beautiful Mind’, the scientist Nash gets hit by a stone thrown by his friend Charles, who is fed up with Nash’s talk about the real and unreal, and maya. Nash bleeds and Charles sneers, ‘This too is maya , eh?’
This is a brilliant example how confusing the concept of maya is. It is not the reality of the physicality of the event, but its permanence in time and space. A reader commented on my last blog about how difficult this concept of real and unreal is to master. Yes, it is, as long as it is a concept. Maya can only be understood as experiential reality through awareness practices such as yoga nidra. The unreal does not mean it does not exist, only that it is not permanent. What is permanent is unseen, as it is beyond time space, and therefore beyond mind to perceive. When we learn to disengage from the daily sensory experiences, what seems real in the Awake state of jagrat, the answer to Who Am I that Bhagvan Ramana spoke about can be realised.
The movement out of the clutches of maya, which too is a creation of nature as Prakriti, is through the process of moving into higher states of awareness, step by step dropping the body first and the mind. It is possible and can be learnt, but not taught!
Another scene from “Beautiful Mind’:
Alicia : You want to know what’s real? This…
[putting her hand on Nash’s heart and his hand on her face]
Alicia: … this is real.
Feelings are more real than physical actions. We move from the physical gross body state of annamaya kosha to higher states of the emotional state of manonmaya kosha and the subtle thought state of vigyanamaya kosha. They too, unfortunately are temporary, as all of us discover in love and life.
Krishna says here that Real is imperishable, inexhaustible and indestructible. He returns to this theme several times. In Hindu Upanishads, the Real is called ‘That’, ‘Isa’, ‘Ekam’, ‘Purnam’, ‘Sat’, ‘Brahman’ and such other words. I prefer the simplicity of ‘That’, in Sanskrit simply ‘Tat’. It is unknowable, unseeable and unreachable. This is why it is called ‘infinite, the state that can never be reached. Those well versed in mathematics can understand this better as the asymptotic state, like in a hyperbolic parabola, where the two arms of the curve tend to but never meet the axes.
The Real is real, but never reachable!